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  • New! Trump administration might consolidate pandemic response at State Department (Politico) — Aides to President Donald Trump are considering a plan to shift the government’s global response to future infectious disease outbreaks to a new unit inside the State Department, according to documents obtained by POLITICO. The proposal, discussed during a National Security Council deputies committee meeting on Thursday, already has set off a turf battle between the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development. USAID officials were surprised and perplexed by the idea, which could lead them to lose control of significant funds and authorities.
  • New! USAID Provides Food Assistance to Help Mitigate COVID-19 Impacts (USAID) — This week, Secretary Pompeo announced more than $162 million in additional assistance to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, bringing the total U.S. commitment to more than a billion dollars. This new funding includes critical food assistance that will help the world’s most vulnerable stave off hunger and disease.
  • New! Americans want global engagement on fighting COVID-19 (Brookings – George Ingram) — Lest the Congress and the White House have any doubt, the American people overwhelmingly understand that the U.S. response to COVID-19 must be not just within our borders, but global. To put the message in brief, Congress has so far spent 0.1 percent—that’s not one percent, but one-tenth of one percent—of its total COVID-19 response on international actions, roughly $2.4 billion out of $2.4 trillion. But a recent poll shows that the American people understand the need for more robust international engagement and that foreign assistance is a key instrument in attacking the pandemic. They overwhelmingly endorse international engagement and support for other countries as being in our national interest and a crucial piece to bring the pandemic under control. The U.S. Global Leadership Coalition (of which I serve as chair emeritus) recently released a poll that reveals the American people, across all political affiliations, understand we are part of an interdependent world and only by working collectively will we move past the most dire international conflagration since World War II—with the same collective effort that restored the world to peace and prosperity after that war ended. It is not an overstatement that COVID-19 has aroused in the American people an understanding of our global interdependence, to a level never before recorded. In response to the two questions of how important do you think it is for the United States to work (1) with other countries to fight diseases that could spread globally and (2) to limit the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) in other countries, “important” polled 96 percent and 93 percent, respectively—unheard of levels.
  • New!  ‘Disgraceful’: US accused of using coronavirus to promote ‘pro-life’ agenda in letter telling UN abortion is not ‘essential’ (Independent) — A US foreign aid agency has warned the United Nations to stop “promoting” abortion and has denied that sexual and reproductive health is “essential” care. In a letter to UN secretary-general António Guterres, the acting administrator for the US Agency for International Development (USAID) said that the UN should not use the coronavirus pandemic “as an opportunity to advance access to abortion as an ‘essential service'” during the crisis. John Barsa accuses the UN of “cynically placing the provision of ‘sexual and reproductive health services’ on the same level of importance as food insecurity, essential health care, malnutrition, shelter, and sanitation” in a Covid-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan. Mr Barsa also criticised the plan’s “egregious” call “for the widespread distribution of abortion-inducing drugs and abortion supplies, and for the promotion of abortion in local country settings” in the plan.
  • New!  Building the next ‘American century’ in the age of COVID-19 (the Hill) — …The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) also needs a hard reset. There has been bipartisan support for USAID for years, with a consensus that targeted aid is more effective in advancing core American interests than additional soldiers. But, the U.S. is now $25 trillion in debt and the Trump administration is borrowing from future generations in order to respond to COVID-19 today. USAID, along with the State Department, must align its $40 billion budget much more tightly so that there are tangible results that benefit not only the communities served, but American interests.
  • New!  Coronavirus Map:  Tracking the Global Outbreak (New York Times) — The coronavirus pandemic has sickened more than 4,167,200 people, according to official counts. As of Tuesday morning, at least 286,200 people have died, and the virus has been detected in at least 177 countries, as these interactive maps show.
  • New! Trump eyes federal retirement plan investments as part of showdown with China over coronavirus (WashPost) — President Trump’s intensifying showdown with China over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic is expanding to a new battlefield: the retirement portfolios of 5.9 million federal employees and U.S. service members. In recent days, White House officials have moved to seize control of a little-known board that administers the $557 billion federal retirement program for most active and retired federal employees and military members, with some aides eager to halt the flow of billions of dollars into an index fund that includes Chinese companies, according to two White House officials and an outside Trump adviser involved in the discussions.
  • New! USAID issues new restrictions for NGOs on buying PPE amid pandemic (The Hill) — The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has notified some grant recipients that they can’t use donor dollars to purchase personal protective equipment (PPE) necessary to protect against COVID-19, hurting key operations abroad. USAID has put a “pause” on allowing NGOs to use U.S. funds to buy PPE, including a wide range of filtering respirator masks, like N95 masks, surgical masks and surgical gloves, according to an email from a USAID officer to NGOs operating abroad that was obtained by The Hill. USAID grantees were advised they can continue to purchase sanitizing products like bleach, soap and hand sanitizer, the email said. The directive impacts grant recipients helping communities in lower-income countries who are vulnerable to the spread of COVID-19.
  • New!  ‘Very difficult and emotional’: Pandemic expert leaves Trump administration (Politico) — A disaster response official who previously led a global health directorate disbanded by the Trump administration is leaving the government. Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator at USAID Timothy Ziemer’s departure robs the Trump administration of another expert as it tries to battle the coronavirus pandemic. Ziemer, who was sent to USAID after the National Security Council’s global health security directorate was dismantled, informed colleagues of his decision Tuesday. In a note obtained by POLITICO, he wrote that it was “very difficult and emotional.”
  • New! Supreme Court again considers requirement for groups fighting HIV/AIDS (WashPost)As the court held its second day of oral arguments via teleconference Supreme Court justices on Tuesday sounded skeptical that the government may force foreign affiliates of U.S.-based health organizations to adopt policies opposing prostitution if they wanted money to fight HIV/AIDS.  In 2013, the court ruled that it violated the free speech rights of the health organizations to force them to “pledge allegiance” to the government’s point of view by having a policy “explicitly opposing prostitution and sex trafficking.”In the view of the groups, that hindered their effectiveness, because combating HIV/AIDS meant engaging with sex workers.
  • New! Covid-19 Has Consequences for U.S. Foreign Aid and Global Leadership (CSIS)–- The United States is undergoing an unprecedented domestic crisis in confronting and controlling the spread of the coronavirus. Faced with both a public health crisis and significant economic disruptions, Congress has now passed three supplemental spending bills meant to provide emergency support. The last supplemental contained nearly $2 trillion worth of support; Congress has indicated that there may be more supplementals in the work if this package does not have its intended impact. Meanwhile, there are rising calls for the United States to also turn its attention externally—to play a leading role in blunting the impact of Covid-19 in developing countries; the supplementals contained approximately $2.25 billion in initial spending to support the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in responding to Covid-19. This amount will not be enough if Covid-19 spreads across developing countries as it already appears to be.
  • New! Exiting USAID Chief On The Pandemic, Foreign Aid, Trump’s Policies (NPR) – For nearly three years, Mark Green led the US Agency for International Development (USAID) in delivering foreign aid to countries in need during times of crisis, including the coronavirus pandemic.  NPR’s Rachel Martin spoke with Green about the value of US foreign assistance, his outlook on how developing countries will face the pandemic and what the future may hold for USAID.
  • New! With WHO funding on hold, USAID looks to alternate partners  (Devex) — With U.S. funding to the World Health Organization frozen for 60 to 90 days while the White House conducts a review of the international body’s response to COVID-19, the U.S. Agency for International Development is looking for alternate partners to carry out health programs that it previously supported through WHO. Speaking to reporters Wednesday, U.S. officials could not confirm who will lead the review of WHO that President Donald Trump announced along with the pause on funding last week, nor could they say what conditions WHO will have to meet in order to see its funding resumed.*
  • New! After COVID-19 evacuations, Volunteers fear for future of Peace Corps (Amy Lieberman – DEVEX) — One month after COVID-19 prompted the Peace Corps to temporarily halt operations, former and prospective volunteers are wondering how the organization can regain its footing. Funding challenges could continue to complicate a return to normal, even once international travel and nonessential work resume, they said.  “A lot of us, when we saw the news of the worldwide evacuation, we immediately worried about the long-term survival of the Peace Corps. Peace Corps is one of those programs of soft diplomacy, based on partnership and the belief that development rises the tide and that rising tide helps communities empower themselves,” said Greg Emerson, a member of the New York City Peace Corps Association board and a former volunteer in Morocco and Peru.
  • New! USAID ships COVID-19 supplies from Dubai to Oregon (Devex – Michael Igoe) — For the first time since Hurricane Katrina struck the southern U.S., the US Agency for International Development is deploying its overseas disaster relief supplies — generally intended for international crises — to support domestic response efforts.
  • New! Trump hobbles foreign aid as coronavirus rips around the world: Confusion at the top has crippled USAID at a critical time for the global battle against the pandemic (Politico) — Earlier this week, a group of officials with USAID, an agency on the front lines of the rapidly escalating global battle against the coronavirus, found themselves in an increasingly bizarre conversation with some of their colleagues inside the Trump administration.
  • New! A Writer Writes–Living with Africa for a Lifetime by Mark G. Wentling (Peace Corps Worldwide) — Former Peace Corps volunteer, USAID Senior Foreign Service member, and USAID Alumni Association Member, Mark G. Wentling shares his recollections from a lifetime working in Africa.  He would welcome any feedback from readers.
  • New! Trump, Congress scramble to revive virus-hunting agency that was marked for cuts (LATimes) — It’s an obscure U.S. government bureau with many missions, including this vital one: hunting down viral diseases like COVID-19 that spill over from animals to the human world.  But in late 2019, it found itself without a permanent leader, and squarely in the Trump administration’s budget-slashing sights.  That all changed with the coronavirus pandemic that has killed more than 20,000 Americans and more than 100,000 people across the world.  Now, the Global Health Bureau of USAID has abundant government support. Congress and President Trump have agreed to multiply the budget for the bureau’s activities that can support “global health security” and related efforts as much as fivefold, to more than half a billion dollars. And its top leadership position — left empty for three years by the White House and a plodding Senate confirmation process — finally was filled in late March.*
  • New!  As Coronavirus looms, U.S. proceeds with major reduction of aid to Yemen (WashPost) –The Trump administration plans to move forward with a major reduction of humanitarian assistance to Yemen effective Friday in response to restrictions imposed on aid by Iranian-linked Houthi rebels, U.S. officials and relief workers said.  U.S. officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss a decision that has not been announced publicly, say the move is intended to prompt the rebels to lift measures in areas of Yemen they control that have made it difficult for aid groups to operate. But aid officials warn the cut could prove disastrous ahead of what many fear will be a crippling coronavirus outbreak in a country that is already the scene of the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.
  • New! The Peace Corps isn’t just bringing home 7,300 volunteers because of the coronavirus. It’s firing them.  (Washington Post) — Because of the coronavirus, the Peace Corps is doing more than evacuating its 7,300 volunteers from 61 countries. It’s also firing them.  In a March 15 open letter to the volunteers, the agency’s director, Jody Olsen, said, “We are acting now to safeguard your well-being and prevent a situation where Volunteers are unable to leave their host countries.”
  • New! Green’s departure at USAID sparks debate about successor (Devex) –Devex first reported that Barsa was likely to be the Trump administration’s pick for the position — news that bucked convention by elevating an assistant administrator into the agency’s top job, instead of the existing deputy administrator, Bonnie Glick. Prior to the White House announcement, Devex learned of an effort to push back against the decision to appoint Barsa, involving what one source described as “prominent outside development leaders” who were lobbying for Glick to take over instead.
  • New! Trump designates new Acting Head of USAID Devex) – President Trump  announced March 17th his intent to appoint an acting director of USAID following the departure of the organization’s current director at the end of the month.  The president identified John Barsa, who currently serves as the Assistant Administrator for USAID’s Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, as his pick for the acting administrator.  Barsa will take over for current Administrator Mark Green, who announced his departure Monday and is expected to finish his time at the agency by the end of the month.
  • New! USAID Braces for Change as Administrator Steps Down (Devex) — Mark Green, Administrator of the U.S.Agency for International Development, announced Monday that he will step down from his post on April 10, confirming earlier reports of his impending departure. After he leaves USAID, Green plans to lead the McCain Institute for International Leadership, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that was previously led by Ambassador Kurt Volker, President Trump’s former special envoy to Ukraine.
  • New! Lessons Ignored: John Bolton’s Bogus Defense of “Streamlining” Away Our Bio-Readiness (Just Security – Jeremy Konyndyk)– “Global health remained a top NSC priority.” That statement is no defense; it’s a sleight of hand. Global health is NOT the same as pandemic readiness. U.S. global health programs focus on all sorts of valuable efforts overseas.  Global health is not a substitute for U.S. domestic readiness or large-scale pandemic response (and placing elements of pandemic expertise under the Weapons of Mass Destruction directorate, as they did, doesn’t achieve that either).
  • New! House Democrats to investigate Trump deals with Central America(Washington Examiner) — House Democrats announced Friday they’ve launched an investigation into the State Department’s role in striking deals with Central American countries that have helped stem illegal immigration, saying the agreements might violate U.S. law.
  • New! Fears Mount as Trump Administration Guts USAID’s Iraq Presence (Foreign Policy) — The United States’ top aid agency is dismantling its presence in Iraq, leaving a skeleton crew ill-equipped to oversee over $1 billion in aid programs aimed in part at staving off the return of terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State, officials and lawmakers say.
  • New! US lawmakers reject budget cuts, question USAID policy (Devex) –Lawmakers made use of their first opportunity to publicly question the Trump administration’s fiscal year 2021 foreign aid budget during a House appropriations subcommittee hearing on Tuesday. Legislators rejected the proposed budget cuts and addressed a wide-ranging set of issues, from COVID-19 to the “global gag rule.”
  • New! US aid community works to turn election candidates into development advocates (Devex)– While the country waited to see if Tuesday’s contests in 14 states — collectively known as Super Tuesday, the largest single day of voting during the presidential primary season — lent any clarity to a crowded Democratic field, U.S. aid leaders are looking for signals about how to engage potential nominees in an ongoing conversation about America’s role in the world.
  • New! Snapshot: OFDA’S Percent of Disaster Declarations Responded to Within 72 Hours (Diplopundit)–By 2022, the United States will increase the timeliness and effectiveness of responses to U.S. government-declared international disasters, responding to 95 percent of disaster declarations within 72 hours and reporting on results.
  • New! Cutting Aid is Still A Big Deal: Why We Should Pay Attention to the FY21 Budget Request (CGD)– President Trump sent his fourth budget request to Congress last week—once again including steep cuts to foreign aid spending. Capitol Hill appears primed to reject the proposed reductions, but despite the attitude of many lawmakers, the exercise—which marks the start of the FY21 budget season—remains hard to ignore.
  • New! DFC Has Its First Chief Development Officer: Why This is Adam Boehler’s Most Consequential Appointment(CGD) — Last week, the DFC board formally approved Andrew Herscowitz (appointed by DFC CEO Adam Boehler with the support of USAID’s Mark Green) as the agency’s first Chief Development Officer (CDO). Herscowitz is a familiar face for the international development community, having served as the Power Africa Coordinator since its inception in 2013.
  • New! Federal employee retirement benefits would be cut under Trump’s budget (WashPost) — President Trump has again proposed reducing the value of federal retirement benefits while requiring most federal employees to pay more toward those benefits.  In some cases, the benefits would be reduced only for future retirees, but in other cases, those already retired would face a cut, as well.
  • New! How much does USAID spend with local partners?(Devex) — According to the available data, USAID spending with all its partners increased slightly but consistently from fiscal year 2015 to the end of fiscal year 2019, rising from $15.7 billion to $16.9 billion.
  • New! Marie Yavanovitch:  These are turbulent times. But we will persist and prevail (WashPost) – Former US Ambassador to Ukraine, Marie Yavanovitch, pens a Washington Post op-ed noting the turbulent times and stating that our institutions need us as much as we need them.
  • New! Kenya’s Blood Banks are Running Dry After the US Ended Aid– and a Baby’s Life is at Risk(WashPost) – Sheilla Munjiru was born with severe jaundice as Kenya’s blood banks are beginning to run dry. The country had relied for years almost entirely on U.S. aid for its state-run blood transfusion service, but the funding was discontinued in September.
  • New! 2019-nCoV Outbreak – a Timeline (Devex) – On December 31, 2019, Chinese authorities alerted the World Health Organization of pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, with an unknown cause. What started as a mystery disease now has a name:  2019-nCoV, and continues to spread in China and beyond.*
  • Future of Global Development (CDG)–The Center for Global Development has presented a podcast managed by CGD President Masood Ahmed on the future of global development.
  • 15 Global Challenges for the Next Decades (BBVA) –The BBVA OpenMind website features an essay on the
  • Amid partisan rancor, Congress reaches bipartisan agreement on foreign aid spending (CDG) – In a flurry of activity, Congress completed its work on Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 spending bills just ahead of the holiday break. For the third year running, lawmakers rejected the steep cuts to foreign assistance proposed by the Trump administration, providing a modest increase in funding for development and diplomacy compared to FY19.
  • Trump sending aid mission to Bolivia ahead of election (Washington Post)-The Trump administration is sending an assessment team to Bolivia this week to discuss possible resumption of foreign aid to the Andean nation following the ouster of leftist leader Evo Morales, according to two people with knowledge of the visit.
  • Budget bill includes small increase for foreign aid, but is it a win?(Devex) – The total funds appropriated recently by the U.S. Congress for the foreign affairs budget is $54.7 billion, up $467 million from what was enacted in fiscal year 2019. But the amount is lower than budget bills approved by the House and Senate, which included $56.4 billion and $55.15 billion, respectively.
  • Ivanka Trump announces $100M more for women’s global development fund (Fox Business) – The federal government’s fiscal year 2020 budget is set to include $100 million for USAID’s Women’s Global Development and Prosperity (W-GDP) Fund touted by the president’s daughter and adviser Ivanka Trump.
  • Coons’ Global Fragility Act included in spending deal(Dover Post) – Sen. Chris Coons’ bipartisan Global Fragility Act, which will improve U.S. government efforts to prevent terrorism from taking root in developing countries around the world, is expected to become law after being included in the bipartisan appropriations package to fund the federal government for fiscal 2020.
  • Teens in Argentina are leading the charge for a gender-neutral language (Washington Post) – In classrooms and daily conversations, young people are changing the way they speak and write in order to change what they see as a deeply gendered culture.
  • As impeachment hurtles forward, a plea for legal help for government witnesses (Washington Post) – With the House hurtling toward a full chamber vote before Christmas, the diplomatic community is gearing up for Phase Two of potential testimony.
  • Foreign aid rider tangles up final spending talks (Roll Call) – Urged on by anti-abortion activists and religious groups, the White House is raising concerns in year-end spending talks about language secured by Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, D-N.H., in the Senate’s State-Foreign Operations bill they fear could cut out faith-based aid groups from U.S. Agency for International Development contracts.
  • Inside the Trump Administration Debate on Delaying Aid to Ukraine (Wall Street Journal) – After the President gave the order, which is central to the impeachment inquiry, officials puzzled over the rationale and legality of the move.
  • What technology means to the US international aid agency (Fifth Domain) – Cybersecurity will take center stage in the United States Agency for International Development’s first-ever digital strategy, slated for release early next year.
  • Trump Waging War on American Diplomats? (com) – With new figures and fresh horror stories, Julia Ioffe reports on how the president is politicizing our embassies, alienating our allies, and decimating the ranks of the foreign service.
  • Pompeo’s Impeachment Role Draws Outcry From Diplomats, Staffers (Wall Street Journal) – Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has been credited with improving State Department staffing and morale, but his treatment of U.S. Foreign Service officers caught in the impeachment inquiry has undercut those efforts, according to current and former career professionals upset over his recent actions.
  • Trump weighs conditioning foreign aid on religious freedom (Politico) – Aides to President Trump are drafting plans to condition U.S. aid to other countries on how well they treat their religious minorities, two White House officials said. The proposal is expected to cover U.S. humanitarian assistance and could be broadened to include American military aid to other countries.
  • Six federal employees to be honored with the ‘Oscars of Government Service’ (Washington Post) – A sampling of America’s best civil servants were honored recently during the 18th annual Samuel J. Heyman Service to America Medals gala, presented by the Partnership for Public Service. Also called the “Sammies” and the “Oscars of Government Service,” the awards will go to six federal employees who have demonstrated outstanding achievements – including USAID/Haiti’s Ryan Shelby.
  • How Mike Pence’s Office Meddled in Foreign Aid to Reroute Money to Favored Christian Groups (ProPublica) – Officials at USAID warned that favoring Christian groups in Iraq could be unconstitutional and inflame religious tensions.
  • Fighting Corruption in Ukraine: USAID’s Strategy(Brookings – George Ingram) – With recent media and political attention on corruption in Ukraine, it is useful to bring some light to how the U.S. is helping Ukrainians deal with corruption in their country.
  • State Department’s First-Ever Employee Christian Faith Group Underscores Pompeo’s Influence(Washington Post) – All year, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has made news for efforts that critics worry are crossing church-state separation lines.
  • F Bureau Leader Calls for Smarter ‘Strategic Prevention’ in Fragile States (Devex) – U.S. humanitarian assistance needs an overhaul so it can more effectively respond to complex crises in fragile states, according to Jim Richardson, head of the State Department’s Office of Foreign Assistance Resources, or F Bureau.
  • Announcing the Public Release of the Self-Reliance Country Roadmaps for Fiscal Year (FY) 2020(USAID) – On October 1, 2019, USAID released the second iteration of the Journey to Self-Reliance Country Roadmaps on its public portal. The Country Roadmaps serve as USAID’s visualization tool for assessing self-reliance in a given country, based on 17 third-party, publicly available metrics that capture the concepts of Commitment and Capacity.
  • Opinion: How US Foreign Aid Boosts the Economy Back Home (AgriPulse) – Peter McPherson writes an opinion piece on “how the impact of foreign aid reverberates far beyond the developing world.”
  • State Department Restarts Some Central America Assistance (Politico) – The State Department will resume “targeted” foreign assistance for Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, according to an announcement Wednesday. The Washington Examiner reported Tuesday that the administration would resume approximately $150 million in funding, a figure confirmed by a congressional aide.
  • Tens of Millions of US Foreign Aid Quietly Cut (Foreign Policy) – Tens of millions of dollars for human rights programs run by State’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor are now in jeopardy after bureaucratic maneuvers by the Trump administration to pare down US funding for foreign aid.
  • USAID reprograms Central America funds for use inside Venezuela (Devex) – USAID Administrator Mark Green this week signed a $98 million agreement with the interim Venezuelan government of Juan Guaido that reprograms aid originally intended for Central America to Venezuela.  This is the first such bilateral agreement between the U.S. and Venezuela in over 65 years.
  • MFAN Co-Chairs Announce New Co-Chair and Two New ExecCommittee embers (MFAN) — The Modernizing Foreign Assistance Network co-chairs Lester Munson and Tessie San Martin have announced that Larry Nowels will serve as Co-Chair of the Executive Committee. Mr. Nowels recently served as the network’s interim Executive Director and was a founding member of MFAN. MFAN has also announced the addition of two new Executive Committee members:  Lori Groves Rowley, Director of Global Food Security and Aid Effectiveness at the Lugar Center and nearly 20 years of senior leadership and committee experience on Capitol Hill; and Susan Reichle, Chief Executive Officer of the International Youth Foundation, who draws on 25 years of experience leading USAID policy development and programs overseas and in Washington, D.C.
  • The Trump Administration Prepares a New Assault on U.S. Soft Power (Wash Post)– At last year’s UN General Assembly, President Trump announced the United States would redirect aid money to countries that agree with his administration’s policies. This could “gut U.S. soft power, fuel extremism and cede large parts of the world to influence from US adversaries, especially China.”
  • US Aid Experts Ask – How Much Will Trump’s Development Review Matter? (Devex)– The fate of the Trump administration’s foreign assistance review has been a lingering question for the US aid community for months.
  • Federal Employees Have More Withdrawal Choices for Retirement Savings (Wash Post)— Current and former federal employees and military personnel will have more options starting Sunday when withdrawing money from their retirement accounts.
  • Experts Question DFID’s Promised Spending Boost (Devex) – A number of British aid experts questioned the details of the proposed 1.5% (real terms) increase to DFID’s budget for the year 2020-21 fearing it will be transferred to other departments.

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